Engineering and economical performance:
The Angliyskaya quay is one of the major elements in the chain of panoramic city environment along the Neva river. At the left bank of the Neva river, it constitutes the second oldest sight after the Palace quay. Its history dates back to the period of Peter the Great, in the 1710s. The quay along with the parallel Galernaya street connects Admirals headquarters, formed in 1704, to the Galerny dvor (New Admirals headquarters), launched in 1711. The development of Neva banks starts not earlier then in 1714 in accordance to the order of Peter the Great. Some parts of this territory were given to the confidants of the tsar. In 1730, the banks were built-up with solid compact constructions. The territory was divided in a special way: all of the buildings had two entrances and faced the Galernaya street on one side and the river bank on the other side. These plots were narrow but long, so that all the housings along the river had entrances from the side of the street leading to tight deep yards with service buildings and small pavilions. The quay was veneered with granite in 1770-1788, right after the Palace quay. This part of the city was hosting aristocrats, entrepreneurs and foreign craftsmen, mostly the English. This was the reason why the quay was called Angliyskaya by the early 19th century. Building impaction and level raise transformed this part of the city as much as the centre of the city. From the Galernaya street, the plots were as well confined by buildings; the yards were encumbered with service buildings and pavilions. The Angliyskaya quay kept being a luxury district in 19th and in the early 20th century: most of the buildings were private residences. This is the reason why the historical three-floored top line of the facades has been preserved untouched, with few exceptions. Higher buildings were raised in some yards and in Galernaya street. During the soviet and post-soviet periods, the quay has seen no serious architectural modifications. These basic concepts towards this part of the city reconstruction formed the unique facades of the buildings along the river bank and created internal historic character of the Angliyskaya quay and Galernaya street.
The house of Chelischev (M.L. and I.L.Varshavsky) is situated at the address: 62A Angliyskaya quay, 63 Galernaya street. Its construction went through a series of historical stages. The land plot belonged to the ship craftsman Anastasiy Boczis till 1720; after this date it went to the engineer captain Aleksey Spiridonovich Kologrivov. The building on the quay (letter A) was erected in 1720-1730, when A.S.Kologrivov sold the land to the naval cadet prince Aleksey Dolgorukov. Then the house belonged in succession to the trader Glen, to «the doctor of poxes» Court Councillor M.V.Golidey. Since 1796, the building was under the supervision of the Cabinet of His Imperial Majesty. In the early 19th century, the house was octroyed to admiral Samuel Greig’s widow Sarah and her 5 children. The hero of the naval battle of Chesma and the Swedish War fell dead in Revel shortly before that. Admiral’s offsprings sold the house to the merchant’s wife Margarita Yegorovna Vertman, who started the reconstruction of the property, ordering to the architect to «add an entrance to the existing building, to erect a three-floored building in the yard and to build stairs from the yard». In two years, the order was executed, and the building acquired a new look in the Empire style, that it preserved till the present days. The following owner, the guard captain Maxim Ivanovich Liprandi (1807-1843) (the owner was a relative of Pushkin’s friend I.P.Liprandi from the Moldavia period) purchased the house in February 1840. Liprandi’s widow, burdened by debts, had to sell the house to the Actual State Councillor Mikhail Nikolaevich Chelischev (1815-1889). He was a landlord from Kaluga, a son of a member of the State Council. In 1858, M.N.Chelischev ordered to the architect Trusov to renovate the house facade from the quay side and to perform some minor works in the yard. Since 1890, the building went to the Actual State Councillor Y.S.Polyakov, opulent banker and entrepreneur. On his order, the architect Grishovich designed the gala interiors and annexed in 1895 to the building from the western side of the yard a two-floored wing that was connected to the eastern wing by an arch. This is how a transverse annex was erected in the inner court. Major construction works in the territory were led according to the plans of 1908 by architect M.Y. Kapelinsky. The house owners for that time were Polyakov’s nephews, M.L. and I.L. Varshavsky. Kapelinsky reconstructed the building once again by modifying its facade according to the classic concept. At the same time a five-story apartment building was erected in Galernaya street with annexes along the western part of the yard. At this state, the building development was finished. Only a narrow trench-like pass reminded of the yard. The yard complex was heightened with the 6th floor after the war.
The house of S.V.Lindes (the building of Swedish Embassy) , ) is situated at 64A Angliyskaya quay, 65 Galernaya street. This building was also built in several historical stages. In the early 17th century, this land of 8 to 48 Russian fathoms belonged to lieutenant Vasily Mikhailovich Nelidov, who sold the land to lieutenant-colonel Mikhail Stepanovich Annenkov in 1712. Seven years later, the new owner promised: « I shall built clay-walled houses on the foundation and install piles». The clay-walled houses did not have long life. In the late 1730s, the land already hosted a stone house with 7 windows at the facade, a balcony and a high porch. This building belonged to ambitious Dutch merchant, Peter Betling, who came to Saint-Petersburg from Arkhangelsk. At the end of 1822, the Betling’s residence was sold to the retired navy captain Grigory Alekseevich Senyavin (1767-1831), who was an offspring of a well-known family of Navy men, veteran of the Swedish War. In 1823, according to the project by architect I.I.Charlemagne, the residence was reconstructed in the style of conventional classicism and took the form of as a three-floored building decorated by two balconies. When G.A.Synyavin died, the house went to his sons, Ivan and Lev. Both of them decided to neglect family traditions and chose public official careers. Ivan became a senator, Lev grew to the post of minister K.V.Nesselrod assistant and a member of State Council. Lev did not get married, while his elder brother Ivan married Alexandra Vasilevna d’Ogger. She threw fashionable parties, some of which were attended by A.S.Pushkin. The house was sold in 1843 to the retired guard staff captain Afanasiy Fedorovich Shishmarev (1790-1875), who was known as a rich horse breeder and a great theatre and art lover. That was the time when the house saw V.A.Zhukovsky, P.A.Vyazemsky, Bryullov brothers. Between 1857-1860, on the order of the Titular Counselor N.Ya.Stobeus, the internal yard constructions were rebuilt by the architect I.I.Tsim, who also built a new pavilion in the yard, a front aisle facing Galernaya street at the third floor level and reconstructed the facade at the river bank side. In 1860, the residence attic at Angliyskaya quay was decorated with an aristocratic emblem. Stobeus sold the building in 1886 to the wife of a great wood and linen exporter, Sophya Vasilyevna Lindes, for 110 thousand rubles. The new proprietress undertook rearrangement of the interiors. Popular architect V.A.Schröter made new entrance stairs, installed a large hall on the first floor and widened the house from the yard side. In 1890, Schröter built a new three-floored building in Galernaya street with adjacent wing, and in 1900 he added to the house a mansard. After the death of S. V. Lindes her daughters sold the family residence to the Sweden government which transferred there the Sweden Embassy. In 1913, the architect F. Lilljekvist reconstructed the front aisle along the Angliyskaya quay and modified the facade decoration. The building was redecorated according to its new functions and now had the emblem of Swedish Crown. In the second half of the 20th century, the building 62A with the adjacent building 64A at Angliyskaya quay were occupied by the Electromechanic technical school (academy). Nowadays the company «Zhilstroy» renovates the existing buildings adapting them to hotel intrastructure facilities. Existing facades at Angliyskaya quay and Galernaya street, the yard pavilion of the building 62 at Angliyskaya quay are being renovated and restored. At the far end of the yard, two hotel building are erected that stand parallel to the quay. The building are 3 or 5-floored; the number of floors lessens toward the river bank direction. At right angle to the hotel building, along the territory goes the basic communication corridor, that leads from Angliyskaya quay to Galernaya street. The four-star hotel complex includes a public area with facilities for clients service, a living zone (rooms), facilities for staff and technicians, a lobby-bar for 20 persons, a bar for 35 persons, a buffet for 10 persons and a restaurant for 150 persons, as well as production facilities (kitchen), a fitness room, and a business zone.